There are more than 200 million types of cancer that have been identified by doctors around the world. However, a lot of them are rare ones that only inflict a portion of the world population. It was estimated that in the United States alone, more than ten million people suffer from some form of cancer. Below are some of the common types of cancer.
Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer
More than a million people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year. It can form in any part of the body, although the most common areas are those exposed to the sun. It should be noted that there are different types of skin cancers that include basal cell skin cancer and squamous cell skin cancer.
Basal cell skin cancer is a type of cancer that is found in the round cells within the outer layer of the skin. On the other hand, squamous cell skin cancer is found in the flat cells of the outer layer. More often than not, skin cancer affects people with weak immune system or older individuals.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women, although men can also develop the condition. It is the second leading cause of deaths among cancer patients. The good news is that it can easier to detect than other cancers.
One of the most common symptoms of the condition is a mass or lump. You should also look for other indicators that include swelling, tenderness, distortion, thickening, skin irritation, discharge, nipple abnormalities, and redness. If you experience some of the symptoms, consult your doctor right away. There are many centres that are developing new techniques for spotting breast cancer, such as Cancer Treatment Mexico. These centres are pioneering new treatments to combat cancer.
Lung cancer affects the cells within the lining of the lungs. There are two classifications of lung cancer, which are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. According to statistics, there are more than 160,000 fatalities each year because of the disease.
More than 160,000 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed each year and is the second most common one among men. Skin cancer remains the most common cancer found in men. Prostate cancer is the third leading cause of death among male cancer patients.
There are no symptoms of prostate cancer in its early stages, and that’s why regular exams are important. Once the disease reached its advanced stage, men will experience interrupted or weak urine flow, hard to start or stop urine flow, pain while urinating, and blood in the urine. This type of cancer can spread to the bones that will result to pain in the spine, hips, and ribs.
This type of cancer affects the colon, which is a part of the large intestine. The colon assists in digesting and breaking down food. The rectum is the end of the large intestine that is near the anus. This type of cancer is hard to detect during its early phase, and that’s why it has a high mortality rate. Some of its symptoms include blood in the stool, cramping pain in the lower abdomen, and rectal bleeding.
These are the common types of cancer in the United States. Early detection is the best way to treat cancer. That’s why it is important to get regular checkups to ensure that you don’t have any cancer cells in your body.