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The Duties of an Optometrist in Eye Care For ocular conditions, the optometrist is the first contact. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. Optometry has been provided to play a major role in the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need and this is by the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error. In integrating optometry for prevention of blindness, they play an important role. The major providers of vision correction have been the optometrists. An optometrist in clinical practice examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases. The medical history of a patient they take and note down their visual needs. The second leading cause of treatable blindness is uncorrected refractive error. Optometrists usually play a major role in correcting refractive errors. To children and adults they perform various eye tests. They provide low vision aids, vision therapy and rehabilitation to correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision.
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The deviation amount of the eyes they assess and measure. To determine the depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes they also perform tests. The first person to diagnose glaucoma can be an optometrist after checking the intra ocular pressure. The first one a patient concerned about their vision can visit is a community optometrist. Apart from correcting refractive errors they supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also. Optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes by fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined by an optometrist, test their sight and give advice on visual problems. When need be they also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses. Different types of optometrists are there. There are the high street company optometrists who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists are there. Alongside ophthalmologists these ones work to treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions. The last group is laboratory or university optometrists. Usually, they are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eye sight. Optometrists usually write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. They also examine patients’ eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects. Of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.


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